the world
The shaman's story Spiritual practice The challenge of the stranger A new way to

Who am I?
I am Michael Roth, the author of all the material on this site. While training as a medical doctor, I was also an alumnus at the famed AntiUniversity of London (1968-1969), and became involved with the alternative psychiatry movement in that era and later.

I worked and studied with the existential psycho-analyst R.D.Laing, and was a founder-member of the Arbours Association (London), which provides alternative care for persons diagnosed with severe mental illness.

My research path has taken me into spheres of philosophy, social politics, linguistics and anthropology - whilst I have continued to seek out a genuine way of relating to other human beings in the troubled milieux of psychiatry, communal living, and twentieth and twenty-first century social and cultural instability.

I have been consistently inter-disciplinary in all of my reading and exploration, and the personal and philosophical insights to which this has given rise are almost always outside the prevailing classifications - or accepted lists of subjects.

The following authors are they whose work I have been most deeply occupied with, at different times in my life. This has often entailed exploring what the actual world feels like, within the patterns and definitions of life offered by these people. I have also written extensively, and often critically, about many of them.


  • Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Martin Buber
  • Lao Ze
  • St Matthew
  • St Mark
  • St Luke
  • St John
  • Rudolf Bultmann
  • Paul Ricoeur
  • Richard Rorty
  • Robert Pirsig
  • Donald Davidson
  • Jacques Derrida
  • Benedetto Croce
  • Charles Peirce
  • John Dewey
  • A.N.Whitehead
  • J.H.Randall
  • Justus Buchler
  • Martha Nussbaum

Biology, Physiology, Ethology and Cybernetics


  • Mary Douglas
  • Gregory Bateson
  • Milton Ericson
  • R.D.Laing
  • David Cooper
  • Clifford Geertz
  • Victor Turner

Virtual Reality

  • Jane Austen
  • George Eliot
  • Dorothy Richardson
  • Virginia Woolf
  • Iris Murdoch
  • Joanne Greenberg


  • Eugene Gendlin
  • Arnold Mindell
  • M. Scott Peck

I am the foremost exponent of Charlotte M. Bach's ground-breaking theories of emergent evolution, described in my A Bolt From the Bleeding Sky (Dielectric Publications, London, 1984). I continue to work as a psychiatrist and as a researcher into holistic methods of facilitating social change. This used to include facilitation and training sponsored by the organization, Community Building in Britain which developed and disseminated the work of the holistic psychiatrist M. Scott Peck through the 90s and noughties.

I am also involved in an exploratory research group seeking to fuse poetic, practical and fantastical modes of action to create significant cultural/political interventions in the here and now.

In the traditional account of "stopping the world" the shaman's teacher explains the workings of the consensus reality which has been pounded into every one of us (by parents, peer-group and other authorities) since birth. Allegedly, this controls most of our thoughts, feelings, values and behaviour. Then the path of the apprentice shaman is to find a way to bring the entire process of world-making to a halt. Through "the crack between the worlds" the apprentice now enters into a non-ordinary reality where he or she gains access to extraordinary insights and powers.
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Prayer, meditation, yoga, fasting and other spiritual practices from all times and places have been derived from some original shamanic discipline embodying its own specific technique for "stopping the world". This means that somewhere in the background each practice once presupposed a traditional culture and defined itself over against the consensus reality of that culture.
All of them good ones
Let us accept that every spiritual practice really has its potential contribution to make, to the higher pattern of life which we seek to draw closer to. Yet there are also echoes and stories which embody powerful memories of the cultural background from whence this practice came. Though we may find the practice is effective, the stories may or may not be relevant to the path we must take through our own underworld.
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The weakening of consensus
The thinking behind our project for a spiritual and cultural renewal for our own time, is that our situation differs in very important ways from the traditional type. In the first place there is a culture of literacy, of reflective criticism, scepticism and secular democracy which weakens the hold of the traditional cultures of the past.

Secondly this secular culture embodies a complex set of allegiances such that our identity is no longer simple - we find ourselves defined in relation to all sorts of institutions and intimate groupings; thus there is no longer a simple consensus reality, and so no simple identity for us within this consensus, from which we might recoil into the "crack between the worlds".

The challenge of the stranger
Thirdly we are intermingling with other cultures altogether - as happens in nearly every metropolitan centre in the contemporary world. This is an extraordinary development in a species which has been intensely tribal for millions of years of our earlier history. It is perhaps not fully appreciated what a challenge to our reality it can be, to enter into close range contact with an alien culture. (There is a section on this site which explores this phenomenon of incompatible cultural styles: the ecology of culture)
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Ways of coping with one another
There is a range of possible responses, included the outright racist attitude which tries to remove the alien altogether from its psychic territory. One of the opposite extremes of racism is the bland cosmopolitan culture of generalised tolerance - where we try not to notice the differences in cultural outlook and personal values between us all. This is working quite hard to evade the consequences of real meeting. We do this by discounting ours or the other's point of view, or by strategically failing to register significant aspects of what is going on.
Live and let live
The attitude of "live and let live" is a great help for us at least to rub along together in the crowded cosmopolitan centres where many of us are living today. However, if we want to restore the sense of being really alive to one another, we need to find a different strategy. I am proposing that we try to experience the full depth of our conflicting realities - but with a genuine commitment to trying to reach across the gulf. This leads to a new technique of "stopping the world".
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A new way to stop the world
This technique depends on the attempt to build small-scale relationships, in which we are subject to two intensely contradictory goals; this effectively reproduces the kind of conflict the prospective shaman feels (the archetypal "stranger in a strange land"), when the consensual tribal reality he or she was raised up in becomes intolerable.

One of the goals in our technique is to make genuine attempts at mutual honesty and intimacy; the other is to be committed to making room for my own reality, and simultaneously room for the others. (The sense of contradiction which this generates is explored more fully in the section giving up the use of force in the "action- research" location on this site.)

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A different freedom
"Stopping the world" feels a lot like going mad - at least for many people who are experiencing it for the first time; it is also something that, with support, any of us can get used to. I think that we can create small scale environments where we can give permission and support for this unaccustomed dimension of freedom. Then new, more creative possibilities of consensual validation will open up; the sense of being alive to one another, and being in time with each other at deeper and more subtle levels, can begin to be restored to us.
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© all content: copyright reserved, Michael Roth, January 2004